Saturday, June 26, 2010

Cobb County, Georgia / Animal Rights Activists

Sent: Thu, June 24, 2010 7:24:47 PM
Subject: Cobb County, GA: Cobb County Animal Advocates Questionnaire answered by candidates for the Cobb County Board of Commissioners

---------- Forwarded Message ----------

Subject: Cobb County Animal Advocates Questionnaire answered by candidates for the Cobb County Board of Commissioners
Date: Thu, 24 Jun 2010 17:24:57 -0400

Cobb County Animal Advocates (CCAA) is a citizen activist organization of hundreds of Cobb County voters who are highly-motivated animal advocates. Our primary mission is to engage leaders within Cobb County government and Cobb County Animal Control to transform our community into a No-Kill Cobb, and to effect specific improvements in the county's policies and operations regarding the welfare of the animals in its care. We have an Action Plan that outlines a proven, budget-neutral approach to animal control that has been successfully implemented in communities around the nation, and which enables well over 90% of the animals to be successfully adopted.

On Wednesday, June 16, 2010, Cobb County Animal Advocates sent a Candidate Questionnaire to all of the candidates running for positions on the Cobb County Board of Commissioners - including both candidates for Chairman of the Cobb County Board of Commissioners. We asked them to complete and return the Candidate Questionnaire by 6pm on Wednesday, June 23, 2010. Â We followed up with a reminder notice on Monday, June 21, 2010.

Most of the candidates chose to participate, and CCAA sincerely thanks those that did. In alphabetical order by first name,Cobb County Animal Advocates received responses from JoAnn Birrell, Larry Savage, Leonard Church, Stephen Moon, and Tim Lee. We did not receive responses from Earl Stine or Helen Goreham, but hope they'll choose to respond soon. Â If they do respond, we'll post their responses on our website.

Please go to the Cobb County Animal Advocates website, and click on the link to the Candidate Questionnaire. Below each question are the answers from the candidates who chose to participate, and they're listed together so that it's easy to compare their answers.

Cobb County Animal Advocates:

Candidate Questionnaire:

Help us make the welfare of the animals we love so much a significant issue in the July 20th, 2010 primary elections. Please vote for candidates who have the courage to fight for the best interests of these helpless animals - candidates who won't turn away while these poor creatures are killed. Hold the candidates accountable to our shared conviction that we must protect the animals in the care of our local government. The animals have no voice of their own with which to protest, so you must lend them your own voice. As you vote on July 20th, remember that in 2009, Cobb County Animal Control killed 5963 dogs and cats - plus 1666 wild animals, and use your vote to give life to the animals that still live.

Please forward this email far and wide, and post it to Facebook and Twitter, so that the citizens of Cobb County and elsewhere will know that people of every political philosophy and affiliation are standing together, unified in action and voice, to save our helpless animals.

If you have not already joined Cobb County Animal Advocates, please go to our website and sign up to support our Action Plan. Â It costs nothing, and is the most effective way to make your voice heard by our community's leaders.

Thank you!
Chris Benson
Cobb County Animal Advocates

Friday, June 25, 2010

Adirondack Animals / Vegan Potluck & Protest

6/26 Troy: Vegan Potluck -AND- 6/27 Albany: Protest Vivisection (ADK
Posted by: "Adirondack Animal Rights"
Thu Jun 24, 2010 2:38 pm (PDT)

Please join Adirondack Animal Rights for two events this weekend:

Saturday, June 26th, 2010 @ 5:30PM
Vegan Potluck
X's to O's Vegan Bakery
97 4th Street, Troy NY

FB Event:!/event.php?eid=133074676702711&ref=mf

Please bring a vegan dish to share (no animal products including eggs,dairy, honey, etc.) as well as your own drink and place setting. We'd like to make this a zero-waste event each month so, please, no disposable dishes.


Sunday, June 27th, 2010 @ 12PM
Anti-Vivisection Demo
Albany Medical College
Corner of New Scotland Ave and Holland Ave, Albany NY

FB Event:!/event.php?eid=110532675658979&ref=mf

In 2008, Albany Med killed 12 dogs, 13 rabbits, 8 non-human primates, 38 pigs, 2 goats, 116 chinchillas and 18,000+ rats and mice (according to AMC spokesperson's estimates that animals other than mice and rats only make up 1% of their testing). We will be protesting the fourth Sunday of every month. Signs will be available, but feel free to bring your own.

Jessica Ryle
Founder, Adirondack Animal Rights

Albany Chapter Leader, Ocean Activists United

Thursday, June 24, 2010


A ProMED-mail post

ProMED-mail is a program of the
International Society for Infectious Diseases

Date: 22 Jun 2010
Source: New Vision [edited]

Anthrax killed hippos - experts
Tests done at the Central Veterinary Laboratory in Entebbe have
confirmed that anthrax killed the 30 hippos in Queen Elizabeth National Park.

Dr. Nicholas Kauta, a commissioner in the agriculture ministry, on
Friday [18 Jun 2010] said the disease affects all warm blooded
animals except birds. He said animals that feast on carcasses of
infected hippos can catch the disease. The agriculture state
minister, Col. Bright Rwamirama, with a team of doctors from the
ministry, on Friday found a dead hippo in the middle of Lake George.

The minister called for quick intervention, saying this was the 3rd
time hippos were dying of anthrax in the national park. Since the
national park lost about 300 hippos about 6 years ago, the population
of hippos had multiplied to 5500.

Rwamirama observed that if necessary, the hippos should be moved
elsewhere to enable spraying of the affected areas. He observed that
the excavators used to bury the animals are expensive and that the
method used was risky.

The minister explained that an excavator is hired at sh. 1m [451 USD]
to bury one hippo. Rwamirama advised cattle-keepers in the
neighbouring areas not to graze their animals in the park to avoid
catching the disease.

[Byline: Abdulkarim Ssengendo]

Communicated by:

[This report is both a confirmation and a report on additional
deaths; the total is higher than previously. A very similar report
can be seen at:

- Mod.MHJ]

Date: 23 Jun 2010
Source: EFE [edited]

Thirty hippos die in outbreak of Anthrax
At least 30 hippos have died from anthrax in Queen Elizabeth National
Park, a wildlife reserve in western Uganda, but local authorities say
they have managed to contain the outbreak.

According to Lillian Nsubuga, communications officer of the Uganda
Wildlife Authority, which oversees all activities in nature reserves,
all the hippos dead were buried in the park after being examined by
veterinary and medical public health sector.

The virulent outbreak of anthrax has killed between 10 and 15 elephants.

"This is the 2nd outbreak of anthrax that is recorded in Queen
Elizabeth National Park, where a similar outbreak in 2004 left a
balance of 300 hippos dead. This time we have not had many problems
because we knew that the disease was, in contrast to the outbreak 6
years ago, when we had no idea of what we faced," Nsubuga said.

The operators of the Ugandan tourism industry have expressed fears
that the outbreak of anthrax could negatively affect their business
to keep out visitors from home because the bacteria that causes it
can also infect humans. Nsubuga made clear, however, that the remains
of all dead animals from anthrax has already been buried and that the
tourism industry has nothing to fear.

This is high season for tourists who come to Uganda from Europe, USA
and other world regions. "This is high season for all our
destinations and, so far, we have not had any negative effects," said
Nsubuga, who stressed that the National Park Queen Elizabeth,
Murchison Falls and the Bwindi Impenetrable (famous for its mountain
gorillas) and Kibale Forest "have already received many visitors."

Queen Elizabeth National Park is famous for its variety of wildlife
and the easy access of tourists to its natural habitat.

The reserve, called by that name in honor of Queen Elizabeth II of
England, was one of the awards to Prince Charles in November 2007,
when he accompanied his mother to the Summit of Heads of State and
Government of the Commonwealth meeting in Kampala.

Communicated by:

[As elephants are very large animals and hard to miss the Ugandan
wildlife authorities should know how many have died. Unfortunately
elephant meat is very popular so we can assume that we may shortly
see some human cases in Western Europe, if not in Kampala. Note the
recent post on 'bushmeat' sales outside of Africa; 20100621.2079,
20040905.2484, and 20000411.0514] - Mod.MHJ]

[Information on Queen Elizabeth National Park is available from
. Maps of the
park and the Kazinga Channel are available from

The HealthMap/ProMED-mail interactive map of Uganda is available at
. - Mod.SH]

[see also:
Anthrax, hippopotamus - Uganda (02): (QENP) 20100618.2053
Anthrax, hippopotamus - Uganda: (QENP) susp 20100615.2006
Anthrax, hippopotamus - Uganda: 2004-2005, cannibalism blamed 20091021.3624
Anthrax, human, wildlife - Uganda (02): (BS) unresolved 20090223.0758
Anthrax, human, wildlife - Uganda: (BS) susp 20090219.0690
Anthrax, zebras - Uganda (Lake Mburo Natl. Park) 20050427.1176
Anthrax, hippopotamus - Uganda (04) 20050308.0690
Anthrax, hippopotamus - Uganda (03) 20050225.0592
Anthrax, hippopotamus - Uganda (02) 20050221.0559
Anthrax, hippopotamus - Uganda 20050211.0470
Anthrax, hippopotamus, human - Uganda (04) 20041217.3327
Anthrax, hippopotamus, human - Uganda (03) 20041215.3317
Anthrax, hippopotamus, human - Uganda (02) 20041214.3308
Anthrax, wildlife - Uganda (NE): susp 20041209.3263
Anthrax, hippopotamus, human - Uganda 20041109.3027
Undiagnosed deaths, hippopotamus - Uganda: Anthrax conf. 20041001.2710
Anthrax, bovine - Uganda (Hoima) 20030218.0422]

ProMED-mail makes every effort to verify the reports that
are posted, but the accuracy and completeness of the
information, and of any statements or opinions based
thereon, are not guaranteed. The reader assumes all risks in
using information posted or archived by ProMED-mail. ISID
and its associated service providers shall not be held
responsible for errors or omissions or held liable for any
damages incurred as a result of use or reliance upon posted
or archived material.
Donate to ProMED-mail. Details available at:

Visit ProMED-mail's web site at .
Send all items for posting to: (NOT to
an individual moderator). If you do not give your full name
name and affiliation, it may not be posted. You may unsub-
scribe at .
For assistance from a human being, send mail to:

Wednesday, June 23, 2010


A ProMED-mail post

ProMED-mail is a program of the
International Society for Infectious Diseases

Date: Tue 22 Jun 2010
Source: The Guardian [edited]

A mystery disease is driving the Siberian tiger to the edge of
extinction and has led to the last animal tagged by conservationists
being shot dead in the far east of Russia because of the danger it
posed to people.

The 10-year-old tigress, known to researchers as Galya, is the 4th
animal that has had a radio collar attached to it for tracking to die
in the past 10 months. All had been in contact with a male tiger
suspected of carrying an unidentified disease that impaired the
ability to hunt. "We may be witnessing an epidemic in the Amur tiger
population," said Dr Dale Miquelle, the Wildlife Conservation
Society's (WCS) Russia director.

Galya had recently abandoned a 3-week-old litter of cubs and come
into the town of Terney looking for an easy meal. Following a series
of all-night vigils by researchers, attempts to scare the tigress
away failed. She was reported to the Primorsky State Wildlife
Department as an official "conflict tiger," and a state wildlife
inspector was called in to destroy her earlier this month [June 2010].

"This tiger had lost its fear of humans; typically, Amur tigers will
never expose themselves for observation. It was like seeing someone
you know turn into a vampire," Miquelle said.

Scientists are attempting to understand what compromised the
tigress's ability to capture wild prey, which she had lived upon
almost exclusively since birth. Her cubs, which were subsequently
found dead at the den, are likely to have had their mother's disease
transmitted to them through the placenta. "Initial necropsy results
show an empty digestive tract, which is highly unusual. We're still
waiting for results of further tests, but the abnormal behaviour
suggests disease, possibly neurological," said Miquelle. "We are
extremely concerned about the possibility of an epidemic that could
be sweeping through this region. Animals we have studied extensively,
and known well, have demonstrated radically changed behaviour, which
is extremely disconcerting."

Weighing only 91 kg at death -- down from an estimated 140 kg at full
health -- the tigress's death represents the end of an 11-year
lineage of related "study" tigers and leaves the WCS's Siberian Tiger
Project with no radio-collared animals for the 1st time in 18 years.
WCS Russia has tracked more than 60 tigers since inception in 1992.

In March this year [2010], Miquelle raised the prospect of disease as
a potential threat to an already endangered Siberian tiger
population. WCS Russia reported in October 2009 that there had been a
40 percent decline in numbers since the last full survey in 2005,
from 428 to as little as 252 adult tigers. The tiger's range has been
reduced to a small pocket in the corner of the country within the
region of Primorsky Krai.

Speaking at a conference in Vladivostok, Miquelle said that anything
above a 15 percent mortality rate in adult females could kill off all
Amur tigers. With around 150 adult females in the population, any
more than 22 deaths of adult females per year may wipe out the
species. Poaching accounts for about 75 percent of all Amur tiger
deaths, with 12 to 16 adult females killed annually. "We're in a new
era where disease could seriously affect the Amur tiger."

The Russian draft federal tiger conservation strategy has recently
been amended to take account of disease, including a section on
vaccination against canine distemper, a viral disease which is common
in the Russian far east in domestic dogs and cats.

"The addition of disease-related deaths to existing sources of
mortality could push this population over a tipping point," said Miquelle.

The federal strategy, which is being designed by a number of
scientific groups including WCS Russia, is being prepared for the 1st
global Tiger Summit due to take place in St Petersburg this September
2010. Along with World Bank president Robert Zoellick, Vladimir Putin
is due to preside over the conference.

WCS Russia hopes to recommence the capture of study tigers in
September 2010. "We aim to change the focus of why we study tigers,
with a new emphasis on disease," said Miquelle. "The only consolation
in this grisly process is that, for once, a serious threat is not
originating from human actions, although even that, for now, is open
to debate."

Communicated by:

[The speculation of an infectious disease being behind the described
cases is in need of laboratory investigative efforts, including CNS
histology. Before doing so, rabies should be excluded, although
regarded as a remote possibility. Some of the candidate etiologies
are avian influenza, babesiosis, _Bartonella henselae_ infection,
Borna disease, cryptococcosis, feline infectious peritonitis (FIP --
dry form), FSE (feline spongiform encephalopathy) and toxoplasmosis.
Environmental and toxic factors are to be taken into consideration as well.

Results of the expected investigations are requested. For a picture
of the Amur tiger (_Panthera tigris altaica_) see
. - Mod.AS]

[see also:
Feline infectious peritonitis - USA: (MI) 20100506.1470
Feline spongiform encephalopathy, cheetah - Germany 20070913.3038
Avian influenza (140) - Indonesia (cat) 20060620.1700
Rabies, feline - USA (IL) 20050515.1338
Avian influenza - Eastern Asia (127): Thailand, tigers 20041019.2838
Feline spongiform encephalopathy, zoo - Australia 20020731.4902
Feline spongiform encephalopathy, cat - Switzerland 20010717.1384
Feline spongiform encephalopathy: current status 19980302.0406
Feline spongiform encephalopathy 19960610.1077]

ProMED-mail makes every effort to verify the reports that
are posted, but the accuracy and completeness of the
information, and of any statements or opinions based
thereon, are not guaranteed. The reader assumes all risks in
using information posted or archived by ProMED-mail. ISID
and its associated service providers shall not be held
responsible for errors or omissions or held liable for any
damages incurred as a result of use or reliance upon posted
or archived material.
Donate to ProMED-mail. Details available at:

Visit ProMED-mail's web site at .
Send all items for posting to:
(NOT to an individual moderator). If you do not give your
full name and affiliation, it may not be posted. You
may unsubscribe at .lasso>. For assistance from a human being, send mail to:

Monday, June 14, 2010

ASPCA, Animal Law Coalition Opposing Oreos Law?

There are so many forces at work with trying to get Oreo’s Law passed. The ASPCA and the Mayor’s Alliance, both charged with saving animals and given millions of dollars to do so, are pouring money and resources into defeating the bill, ensuring that they continue to control which animals live and die in New York City and throughout the state.

It’s a classic David versus Goliath proposition, and Goliath is winning. They’ve convinced the chairman of the Agriculture Committee (Robert Magee) to table the bill because the “language isn’t clear.” What part of “if a qualified rescue requests an animal that would otherwise be euthanized the request must be fulfilled” don’t they understand?

Emails and calls are pouring into Magee’s office and the other members of both the Senate and Assembly Agriculture committees are getting them as well. Animal lovers and voters are making it clear that they will hold these people responsible for the innocent lives that will be lost should this bill die in committee.

I have been watching the email servers at the Senate and the Assembly, and they are bogged down with emails to the point where we have to send over and over again to get them through. This is fantastic! Keep it up, my friends. In a election year that has a tremendous anti-incumbent sentiment we need to let them know that we’re watching, we vote, and we will blame them for the lives that would be lost should this bill be passed.

Ed Sayres of the ASPCA, Jane Hoffman of the Mayor’s Alliance, and groups like the Animal Law “Coalition” have poured money and lobbyist time into killing this bill. Let’s show them that in the end the PEOPLE of New York decide the POLICIES of New York, not some power hungry elitists with our money spilling out of their pockets.
I, Matt DeAngelis, promise that should Mr. Magee table this bill I will personally pour my own personal time, energy and money into ensuring he is defeated this November, WHEN HE IS UP FOR RE-ELECTION.

We need you loyal supporters. Go to this page:

And send emails to the Ag Committee members letting them know this is their last chance to choose life over politics. Urge them to vote YES in getting the bill out of committee, rather than tabling it like our opponents want to do.

Please…do it now. If you’d rather call, please do. But do it today. This is our last chance (all the assembly phone numbers can be found here:
Call and email friends and tell them to do it too.

Thanks. Together we have made such a tremendous difference in the lives of companion animals, and here is an amazing opportunity to save thousands. PLEASE. Act now.

Sunday, June 13, 2010

Write Brooke Shields Publicist

Hey folks,

Just another reminder for those who haven't yet written Brooke Shields publicist [or perhaps are new to the group] - I'm forwarding the information so that your able to go ahead and do that.

Here is a 'sample letter' that you can cut and paste to use - if you so choose.

Attn- Brooke Shields

It is difficult to fathom how anyone in a modern day civilized society can still wear fur...a product of a CRUEL industry.

As a celebrity, you should be using your influence to improve
the world, not indulge yourself in grotesque fantasies.

Undoubtedly you are aware of the fact that fur doesn't just grow on
trees, but comes off the backs and lives of sentient beings who are
denied their time on earth due to the vanity, and sheer greed of certain people.

Please Miss Shields, I am asking you to rethink your position on your public endorsement of the fur industry.

And until you do -- I'm afraid that my family and I will have no choice but to ensure that we are no longer supportive of any projects, products, foundations etc that you may be associated with.


[insert name]


thanks guys,


Saturday, June 12, 2010

Kinship Circle Widens to Gulf Coast

Date: Saturday, June 12, 2010 6:25 PM
From: Kinship Circle
Subject: Kinship Circle Deploys To Gulf Oil Spill!

With All Eyes On The Gulf Oil Spill - Kinship Circle Is There

June 12, 2010 -- Venice, Louisiana: Kinship Circle has gone where few other
animal organizations have been: Into the trenches of the Deepwater Horizon
oil spill in the Gulf. We are there right now, in an investigative capacity
to document oil-affected animals and alert Unified Command where they are.
Animal rescue groups -- other than specialized organizations authorized
under Unified Command -- currently do not have access into restricted zones.
But select press and documentarians do.

(back row) Documentary filmmaker Tom McPhee and his son Kevin; (front row)
Kinship Circle IC Bonnie Morrison, Tania Velasco and Rachel Laskowski;
Plaquemines Parish coastal director P.J. Hahn; Kinship Circle’s Cheri
Deatsch and Sister Michael Marie; AEOTG’s Jon Shurtz
All photos © / Kinship Circle, Gulf Coast 2010

Kinship Circle was asked to "embed" with acclaimed documentary filmmaker Tom
McPhee for his All Eyes On The Gulf (AEOTG) expedition. Our disaster
responders are on the ground to focus camera lenses and notepads on
contaminated parts of Louisiana, Florida, Alabama, Mississippi and Texas.
AEOTG is a scientific tour to collect visual records. It’s also a window to
the truth. As part of AEOTG's crew of filmmakers and photojournalists,
Kinship Circle may deploy teams through August, as funds permit.

Tom McPhee's organization, World Animal Awareness Society, is approved under
Unified Command (BP, Coast Guard, fed/state officials) to access affected
areas. All team members wear photo ID badges.

Brown Pelicans await cleaning in a holding pen at IBRRC (International Bird
Rescue and Rehabilitation Center), where Kinship Circle and WA2S team
members trained. Photo © / Kinship Circle

On 6/10/10 U.S. Fish and Wildlife reported that more than 400 oiled birds
were taken to Fort Jackson Oiled Wildlife Rehabilitation Center in Buras,
Louisiana in a span of several days -- over five times as many than in the
last six weeks combined. Where are the photos and clips? According to CNN,
BP is attempting to block reporters from photographing animals altogether.

Plaquemines Parish coastal zone director P.J. Hahn lifts an oil-covered
pelican at Queen Bess Island in Barataria Bay 6/5/10. AP/Gerald Herbert

Tom McPhee's All Eyes On The Gulf is a portal to the "human/animal
intersection" in this disaster. Team members undergo two-day training before
they journey to oil damaged regions across five states. Volunteers gather
visual evidence from ground, water and air levels. They also act as
"spotters" to supply the Unified Area Command with location coordinates for
suffering animals and facilitate their capture and care. Detailed data
collection procedures are used to deal with oil distressed animals.

A rescued and rehabilitated Kemp's Ridley sea turtle is released off the
Bolivar Peninsula in Texas. The species is threatened by the oil slick
because it only nests in the western Gulf of Mexico.

Help Save Lives By Supporting All Eyes On The Gulf
As evidenced by Kinship Circle's aid in Chile's 8.8 quake and tsunami --
disaster response is expensive. We’re rarely involved in two catastrophic
missions at the same time. But as animals are treated for wounds and disease
in Chile...victims of BP's oil spill await aid in the U.S.

Photo © / Kinship Circle


RV/motor home for an All Eyes On The Gulf mobile command center
Hazmat/Tyvek suits, respirators, rubber boots
Deployment of volunteer teams through August (or longer)
Public messaging and media outreach
Computers/communications overhead and equipment
Fuel, food, lodging, tents

SELECT: BP Gulf Oil Spill
Kinship Circle
7380 Kingsbury Blvd / St. Louis, MO 63130
ATN: BP Gulf Oil Spill

Kinship Circle Animal Disaster Aid
Kinship Circle Animal Disaster Aid is a nonprofit that mobilizes volunteers,
supplies and resources for animal victims through its network of trained
responders in the U.S. and Canada. Kinship Circle works in agreement with
government agencies or other NGOs to deploy teams of trained and
credentialed animal responders for assessment, search and rescue, and
emergency sheltering aid. We also report disaster news to inform the public
about ways they can support animal aid efforts.


World Animal Awareness Society
Core mission: To focus a lens on human-animal interactions and to share this
information with the world. World Animal Awareness Society is documenting
the Gulf oil spill for historical, educational and research purposes. Visual
data will be archived indefinitely and distributed via




* Action campaigns on animal cruelty issues worldwide
* Animal rescue coordination/news in disasters

* Select a Kinship Circle ALERT received in your mailbox
* Hit "FORWARD" + Send to:
* Type UNSUBSCRIBE in your subject line and hit send

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Friday, June 11, 2010


Michael Shepherd June 11, 2010 at 4:57am
Facebook Trying to Shut it down! Asking For "Details." Please send ASAP!
Facebook is asking for "more details." We have revised our email to answer those details. We are asking you to cut and paste and send this revised email
<>Dear Facebook,You have recently removed one of the most important groups Facebook has ever seen:Fuck off China - Stop Eating Cats and Dogs:
The group represents 1.5 years of hard work.This group helps the brutal torture and human consumption of dogs and cats in China. This group has been active for over a year now and has 70,000 active members. The title contains the words "F*ck off..." If you do a search on Facebook for groups containing those words, you will come up with hundreds of groups with those exact words! There is a "Fuck off Japan...Leave the Whales Alone" :
That contains almost 1/2 a million people! The words "Fuck off..." are protected under freedom of speech. They are “offensive” only to some. The word is in the dictionary! Shall we pull dictionaries off the shelf?You can find everything from Fuck off Obama, to Fuck off Islam on Facebook! Why do you allow these groups, and go after animal rights groups? Groups that act for, and have achieved positive change for the animals of China who are brutally tortured and eaten. If you need a visual of this, please see:;
Why are you choosing to delete such an important and effective group for animals rights? Is animal rights not protected under free speech? Are we not allowed to defend the dogs and cats of China that have no voice?Please re-instate this group immediately or I will report what you are allowing under "Fuck off..." and that you are singling out animal rights groups that do nothing but tell the truths of brutality and torture in our world.I will scream this to the list of media that has been sent to me, and this will not look good on Facebook's part at all. Animals do have a voice, and that voice should be allowed to be heard on Facebook!Regards,

<>Thank you everyone for your overwhelming support! I've said it once, and again I will say that we have the "best" and most "devoted" members Facebook has ever seen!`

Thursday, June 10, 2010


A ProMED-mail post

ProMED-mail is a program of the
International Society for Infectious Diseases

Date: Fri 4 Jun 2010
Source: West Virginia Public Broadcasting [edited]

Test results from the U.S. Fish and Wildlife Service have identified
the cause of a fish kill at a Lewis County lake. DNR biologist Kevin
Yokum says that tests have identified the cause of the fish kill as
columnaris disease. It typically affects one species during an
outbreak. In this case, it was crappie. Yokum says about 1500 fish
have died since early last week [week of 24 May 2010] at Stonewall
Jackson Lake.

"The bacterium exists naturally in many lakes, and it can cause a
disease outbreak when there are stressful conditions to fish," he
said. "A lot of these occur during the springtime, with a rapid
increase in water temperature, and it's coupled with spawning
activity, the post-stress of the spawning itself."

Yokum says the DNR is still finding dead fish in the Lewis County
lake. About 20 dead fish were found yesterday [3 Jun 2010]. He says
live fish infected with columnaris are edible and safe to eat but he
urges people to cook them thoroughly. Yokum says fish that have the
disease have a bitter taste.

[Byline: Ben Adducchio]

Communicated by:
HealthMap Alerts via ProMED-mail

[_Flavobacterium columnare_ is a gram-negative rod that has the
appearance of a fungus but is actually a bacterium. It is sometimes
known as "cotton wool disease". The common signs are fuzzy or
stringy-looking patches on the fins or the body that may vary in color
from white to gray or beige. Infected fish are often lethargic,
anorexic and may suffer a loss of coloration. If left untreated, the
bacteria will likely spread and may lead to death.

[Photo of columnaris in a catfish:
. - Mod.TG]

[The HealthMap/ProMED-mail interactive map of West Virginia is available at

Lewis County can be located on the map of the state at
. - Sr.Tech.Ed.MJ]

[see also:
Undiagnosed fish die-off - USA: (WV, OH, PA) 20100601.1827
Columnaris disease, fish - USA 20091111.3908
Columnaris, white bass - USA (Kansas) 19990713.1178]
ProMED-mail makes every effort to verify the reports that
are posted, but the accuracy and completeness of the
information, and of any statements or opinions based
thereon, are not guaranteed. The reader assumes all risks in
using information posted or archived by ProMED-mail. ISID
and its associated service providers shall not be held
responsible for errors or omissions or held liable for any
damages incurred as a result of use or reliance upon posted
or archived material.
Donate to ProMED-mail. Details available at:

Visit ProMED-mail's web site at .
Send all items for posting to:
(NOT to an individual moderator). If you do not give your
full name and affiliation, it may not be posted. Send
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etc. to: For assistance from a
human being send mail to:


A ProMED-mail post

ProMED-mail is a program of the
International Society for Infectious Diseases

Date: Sat 5 Jun 2010
Source: Mercury News, The Monterey County Herald/Associated Press (AP)
report [edited]

A rescue group says an alarming number of California sea lions are
being found dead or ailing along the central coast near Monterey.
Marine Mammal Center field manager Sue Andrews says the carcasses of
dozens of young sea lions have washed up on area beaches recently.
The center's Moss Landing station has admitted 160 sick sea lions to
its main rehabilitation facility in Sausalito this year [2010]
compared to 143 last year [2009].

Andrews says one possible cause is a food shortage created by warmer
sea waters. Monterey Bay Aquarium spokesman Jim Covel says another is
what appears to be an unusual number of births in the chilly local
waters. he says sea lions usually give birth farther south, but that
many expectant mothers may have gone north to seek food.

Communicated by:

[While the number of sick sea lions has increased about 12 percent
over the same period of time, we are not told of other possible causes
such as disease, domoic acid, red tide, or any other issues that could
be a causative factor. A scarcity of food is a significant event,
especially since it prompts births in colder waters. This may lead to
other serious losses. - Mod.TG]

[California sea lion picture:

- Mod.JW]

[The state of California can be seen on the HealthMap/ProMED-mail
interactive map at
. - Sr.Tech.Ed.MJ]

[see also:
Cancer, sea lions - USA: (CA) 20100306.0738
Sea lions, domoic acid - USA (CA) 20050616.1692
Leptospirosis, sea lions - USA (CA) 20040926.2659
Sea lions, seizures, domoic acid - USA (Calif.) 1998 20000107.0018
Sea lions, seizures, undiagnosed - USA (California) (02) 19980704.1239
Sea lions, seizures, undiagnosed - USA (California) 19980601.1055]
ProMED-mail makes every effort to verify the reports that
are posted, but the accuracy and completeness of the
information, and of any statements or opinions based
thereon, are not guaranteed. The reader assumes all risks in
using information posted or archived by ProMED-mail. ISID
and its associated service providers shall not be held
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or archived material.
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Wednesday, June 9, 2010

One gallon of oil pollutes 100 gallons of water

The Effects of Oil on Wildlife

We have all seen pictures and videos of wildlife covered in black, sticky oil after an oil spill. These pictures are usually of oiled birds. Many people are not aware that it is not just birds that get oiled during a spill. Other marine life such as marine mammals can also suffer from the effects of an oil spill. Even small spills can severely affect marine wildlife.

Not all oils are the same. There are many different types of oil and this means that each oil spill is different depending on the type of oil spilt. Each oil spill will have a different impact on wildlife and the surrounding environment depending on:

•the type of oil spilled,
•the location of the spill,
•the species of wildlife in the area,
•the timing of breeding cycles and seasonal migrations,
•and even the weather at sea during the oil spill.
Oil affects wildlife by coating their bodies with a thick layer. Many oils also become stickier over time (this is called weathering) and so adheres to wildlife even more. Since most oil floats o nthe surface of the water it can effect many marine animals and sea birds. Unfortunately, birds and marine mammals will not necessarily avoid an oil spill. Some marine mammals, such as seals and dolphins, have been seen swimming and feeding in or near an oil spill. Some fish are attracted to oil because it looks like floating food. This endangers sea birds, which are attracted to schools of fish and may dive through oil slicks to get to the fish.
Oil that sticks to fur or feathers, usually crude and bunker fuels, can cause many problems. Some of these problems are:

•hypothermia in birds by reducing or destroying the insulation and waterproofing properties of their feathers;
•hypothermia in fur seal pups by reducing or destroying the insulation of their woolly fur (called lanugo). Adult fur seals have blubber and would not suffer from hypothermia if oiled. Dolphins and whales do not have fur, so oil will not easily stick to them;
•birds become easy prey, as their feathers being matted by oil make them less able to fly away;
•marine mammals such as fur seals become easy prey if oil sticks their flippers to their bodies, making it hard for them to escape predators;
•birds sink or drown because oiled feathers weigh more and their sticky feathers cannot trap enough air between them to keep them buoyant;
•fur seal pups drown if oil sticks their flippers to their bodiesk
•birds lose body weight as their metabolism tries to combat low body temperature;
•marine mammals lose body weight when they can not feed due to contamination of their environment by oil;
•birds become dehydrated and can starve as they give up or reduce drinking, diving and swimming to look for food;
•inflammation or infection in dugongs and difficulty eating due to oil sticking to the sensory hairs around their mouths;
•disguise of scent that seal pups and mothers rely on to identify each other, leading to rejection, abandonment and starvation of seal pups; and
•damage to the insides of animals and birds bodies, for example by causing ulcers or bleeding in their stomachs if they ingest the oil by accident.
Oil does not have to be sticky to endanger wildlife. Both sticky oils such as crude oil and bunker fuels, and non-sticky oils such as refined petroleum products can affect different wildlife. Oils such as refined petroleum products do not last as long in the marine environment as crude or bunker fuel. They are not likely to stick to a bird or animal, but they are much more poisonous than crude oil or bunker fuel. While some of the following effects on sea birds, marine mammals and turtles can be caused by crude oil or bunker fuel, they are more commonly caused by refined oil products.

Oil in the environment or oil that is ingested can cause:

•poisoning of wildlife higher up the food chain if they eat large amounts of other organisms that have taken oil into their tissues;
•interference with breeding by making the animal too ill to breed, interfering with breeding behaviour such as a bird sitting on their eggs, or by reducing the number of eggs a bird will lay;
•damage to the airways and lungs of marine mammals and turtles, congestion, pneumonia, emphysema and even death by breathing in droplets of oil, or oil fumes or gas;
•damage to a marine mammal's or turtle's eyes, which can cause ulcers, conjunctivitis and blindness, making it difficult for them to find food, and sometimes causing starvation;
•irritation or ulceration of skin, mouth or nasal cavities;
•damage to and suppression of a marine mammal's immune system, sometimes causing secondary bacterial or fungal infections;
•damage to red blood cells;
•organ damage and failure such as a bird or marine mammal's liver;
•damage to a bird's adrenal tissue which interferes with a bird's ability to maintain blood pressure, and concentration of fluid in its body;
•decrease in the thickness of egg shells;
•damage to fish eggs, larvae and young fish;
•contamination of beaches where turtles breed causing contamination of eggs, adult turtles or newly hatched turtles;
•damage to estuaries, coral reefs, seagrass and mangrove habitats which are the breeding areas of many fish and crustaceans, interfering with their breeding;
•tainting of fish, crustaceans, molluscs and algae;
•interference with a baleen whale's feeding system by tar-like oil, as this type of whale feeds by skimming the surface and filtering out the water; and
•poisoning of young through the mother, as a dolphin calf can absorb oil through it's mothers milk.
Animals covered in oil at the beginning of a spill may be affected differently from animals encountering the oil later. For example, early on, the oil maybe more poisonous, so the wildlife affected early will take in more of the poison. The weather conditions can reduce or increase the potential for oil to cause damage to the environment and wildlife. For example, warm seas and high winds will encourage lighter oils to form gases, and will reduce the amount of oil that stays in the water to affect marine life.

The impact of an oil spill on wildlife is also affected by where spilled oil reaches. For example, fur seal pups are affected more than adults by oil spills because pups swim in tidal pools and along rocky coasts, whereas the adults swim in open water where it is less likely for oil to linger. Dugongs als feed on seagrass along the coast and therefore be more affected by oil spills.

Different resources will be needed to combat an oil spill, depending on the number and type of wildlife that is affected. Quick and humane care of wildlife affected by oil spills is required by law. The National Oiled Wildlife Response guidelines [ PDF: 126KB] have been developed at both the Commonwealth and State/Territory level under Australia's national strategy to respond to oil and chemical spills in the marine environment. This strategy is known as the National Plan to Combat Pollution of the Sea by Oil and other Noxious and Hazardous Substances (National Plan).

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Monday, June 7, 2010

Support Chinas Animal Rescuers

Posted by: "" fluffydasha
Sun Jun 6, 2010 4:17 pm (PDT)

Hello everyone,
As you all may know, I work with people in China, helping them form animal groups (several now), and they become more active, the needs grow as well. The web I am working to display some of the groups I am actually helping: Stray cats and dogs in China also end up in the fur/meat trade. This is also the main reason I made all the efforts to work with groups in China.

ACTASIA is a well established animal organization in China, and I am now connected with them as well and have sent them vet equipments. They do excellent work helping stray animals and if you could spare $6 to send them in this desperate effort, rest assured they will put it to very good use.

From: Pei F. Su
Sent: Sunday, June 06, 2010 6:33 PM
To: Rosa Close
Subject: Emergency call for vets on cats

Hi Rosa

I assume that you have received an appeal to you a few days before. Is it possible for you to post this appeal in your forum or sent it out to your contacts in People for Chinese Animals? Despite your generous support we still have not raise enough funding to undertake this project in July. We are desperately hoping to have 1000 people to donate US$6 each to enable us to conduct this project. We appreciate very much for your help by circulating this appeal for us. I have also attached this appeal in PDF format, just in case you need it.

Let me know if you have any more questions.

With best regards

Begin forwarded message:

From: ACTAsia for Animals

Date: 3 June 2010 18:54:18 GMT+01:00


Subject: Emergency call for vets on cats



Sadly, there are hundreds of thousands of stray cats in China. In Beijing alone there are 20,000 living in truly awful conditions on the streets. Usually these cats are abandoned pets. They are often sick, get injured in traffic accidents and are even killed by the government in the most inhumane way.

More spays, less strays
Luckily the number of cat rescue groups in China is growing. Their aim is for a structural and animal friendly solution to the stray problem by setting up neutering programmes. For this to be effective, the cooperation of veterinarians is essential. Vets set an important example in the way animals are treated and promote the acceptance of neutering amongst the public. They need to learn advanced surgical skills and medical and ethical principles to apply to their daily practice – for the benefit of animal welfare.

So, in 2009, we started a training programme for animal-friendly vets. Together with experienced members of Australia’s ‘Vets Beyond Borders’ we trained 28 vets and their assistants in Beijing and Shenzhen. The results were fantastic - the number of neutering operations in participating vet clinics has increased by over 60% and the number of clinics that provide free neutering has increased by 40%. Vets reported fewer complications and quicker recovery of animals thanks to the use of painkillers and reduced peri-operative stress. Vet associations and the Ministry of Agriculture in Beijing have asked us to expand our training this year. A new, unique feature is to ‘train the trainers’ for greater impact across China. We don’t want to let the strays down now we’ve come so far, so we’re asking for your help.

Time for the “inconvenient truth” …we just can’t do it without you.

It’s simple – we need 1000 people to donate $6 each.
Then – we can make it happen.

Please forward this message to as many people as you can – the more people we can reach, the more animals we can help.

Thank you,
Pei F. Su
Executive Director
ACTAsia for Animals
If you don't want to receive further updates, please send an e-mail to
For further information on our work, visit our website at

Gulf Coast Fishermen Shit Out of Luck and I'm So Fucking Glad

These are the same folk who are screaming to get the 6mo moratorium on off-shore drilling lifted. In the Gulf Coast, if you dont make a living exploiting the sea you are working for BP. No wonder they want them to continue on with the oil-drilling business as usual....Rather than start the drilling back up BEFORE any real safety inspections can be done, what say we get our govt to do something IN REAL LIFE to make BP pay their full losses? Can you spell R-E-C-E-I-V-E-R-S-H-I-P NOW? How about we ask our govt to take all those out of work people and create for them a consumate number of green jobs for them right there in their own home towns? They could certainly use a few more clean-up crews down there. Here is a way that would allow them to help themselves while they are waiting for BP to pay. How about we ask our govt to TAKE THE LEAD in striving to make America a leader in "going green?" Know what I mean? There can be no inbetween. The moratoruim is the first right step and I got to give oBOMBa his props for that. I hope he holds firm on this.

BP Gulf Coast Oil Spill and a Silver Lining After All

As compassionate earth and animal lovers all over the world watch in horror and with broken hearts as sensitive coastlines, ecosystems and all its wildlife and every living thing is destroyed by the latest oil spill, we are told by authorities that there is a silver lining in all of this after all, and that is, they say,…that there are valuable lessons to be learned from this that can be acted upon to prevent any future such disasters,..and also that it might just be the catalyst we need to compel us ontowards a more real committment to the persuit of alternative energy and "going green."

While the Powers-That-Be (PTB) ask Americans to “look on the bright side” of this catostrophic disaster, we of the kind whos hearts BLEED for the earth and the animals and every living innocent thing, fail to see any "bright side" of this preventable man made disaster of which we may never fully recover, maybe the fact that that those blood-sport lovers and hunters and fishermen types who had previously made their living off of exploitin every living thing will be no longer able to carry on their bloody business as usual. Its just a shame that the creatures had to die from oil exploitation to save themselves from the exploitation of fishermen and trappers. They are DEAD anyway you look at it, and so is the fishermans trade in the GC., and I for one, AM NOT ashamed to say that I have no sympathy for them and am GLAD that at least some degree of DEVINE JUSTICE was had, BLAST their bloodthirsty souls and love of $$$ over life.

I just hope they will have learned their lessons well and the next venture they enter into as a means of supporting themselves will not be based on any exploitation of the earth or the animals. It is long past the time to evolve beyond such things and start to appreciate what Mother Nature has blessed us with and strive to preserve and protect her gifts instead of to use them for our own financial gain.

We would all do well to remember that not only is it “not nice” to fool mother nature, is “not nice” to exploit her on such a grand scale either. If you must use her for your own nurishment,take what you need and leave the rest. The gifts she bestows upon the earth are made to be protected and preserved and enjoyed by all, not meant to be exploited for any one persons or companys personal or financial gain. That the fishermen and other exploiters of the sea were stopped dead in their tracks by this catastrophic tragedy is the ONLY silver lining I can see. What say you rest of the world? Ha Ha! AS IF I really care.

PS To the Louisiana Oyster-man distraught cause he cant exploit oysters no more,..and he cant read or write, and is wondering what he is going to do with the rest of his life in order to make a living, here is the silver lining of your dark cloud: oBOMBa will pay you to go back to school;

If that dont work, try this;

and after you have educated yourself a little, perhaps you will go about in your endeavors attempting to make the world a better place by helping to STOP animal and earth exploitation and do some GOOD for the world for a change instead of pillaging it for your own personal gain.. Either that or go to work for BP.

6/21/2010 Dead & Injured Wild Life Report
Wildlife Foundation, the "Death Toll Keepers" of the Gulf Coast Oil Spill (GCOS), reports 1,600 dead birds so far,
21 sea-turtes survive out of hundreds found dead at sea, and 20 of these 21 had fish hooks embedded in them, and you know who we got to thank for that.

Thursday, June 3, 2010

Animals Ag and Cruelty Go Hand-in-Hand

Earlier today (someone) posted a comment on one of Troy Hadrick's pro-ag pages;

(which he, of course deleted) asking him why the Ag industry doesn't take a tougher stance against producers like Conklin Dairy Farm in Union Co. Ohio;
. ..."When the industry doesn't voluntarily shut down producers like Conklin and take tough action against them, it makes the entire industry look... bad as they appear not to care enough to penalize these obviously corrupt producers. Another example was the Wiles Hog Farm case where the HFA shot an undercover video of obvious animal abuses. Instead of reprimanding Wiles for the obvious abuses, the Ohio Pork producers gave Wiles $10,000 to help pay for his legal bills! So, the industry's claims that these abuses aren't common practice/acceptable within the industry simply doesn't hold water. You can't say you are against the abuse and then not do anything about it. "

Ohio Pork Producers Help Wiles Farm;

USDA Ohio Ignores Cruelty and Neglect Call;

Humane Watch: Anti-Animals

Who is Humane Watch?

More on "Who is Humane Watch"

Bermans Own Son Disowned Him;

Wednesday, June 2, 2010

Getting Permission to Protest in a "Free-Speech Zone" in Ohio

June 6, 2010

Friends of Animals
118 River Rd.
Johnsonville, NY 12094

Re: Peaceful Demonstrations at Conklin Farm

“Special Permits” Unit
Union County Sheriffs Department
221 W. 5th St.
Marysville, Oh 43040

To Whom It May Concern;

I am writing to request a permit to conduct a series of peaceful demonstrations at the side of the road in front of the Conklin Dairy Farm & Cattle Sales, LLC located at 12939 US Highway 42 in Plain City, Ohio 43064;

Please advise as to what we must do to get a demonstration permit that would enable us to conduct said protests.

Thanking you in advance for any consideration you may give this matter.

Christine A Jubic, Founder
“Friends of Animals”

CC: American Civil Liberties Union
4506 Chester Ave.
Cleveland, Oh. 44103
(216) 472 - 2200


A ProMED-mail post
ProMED-mail is a program of the
International Society for Infectious Diseases

[1] West Virginia
Date: 27 May 2010
Source: Metro News: the voice of West Virginia [edited]

Fish Kill at Stonewall Jackson Lake has Strange Characteristics
Biologists with the West Virginia DNR [Department of Natural
Resources] say it's hard to say at this point what has caused more
than a thousand fish to die over the last 4 days at Stonewall Jackson
Lake. The DNR got a call from an angler fishing in the Jacksonville
area of the lake about seeing several dead fish. Investigators arrived
and have now estimated more than a thousand fish have died.

The unusual part of the incident is that 99-percent are crappie.
Biologist Kevin Yokum says a few small bass and a handful of bluegill
are among the casualties, but the biggest number of the fish are

"Normally in a spill, a pollutant, or a toxin in the water kills fish
very quickly, it's indiscriminate, it kills all species and all sizes
and it happens during a short period of time," Yokum explained. "What
we've seen here is a kill that has occurred over 4 or 5 days hitting a
single species. It's very unusual in that nature."

Yokum notes many of the dead fish had lesions on their bodies. He says
that's typically evidence of a virus, bacterial infection, or a
fungus. However, that's not necessarily the cause. "It's very
difficult to analyze whether that was the cause of the kill or
something that happened after the fish was in distress," Yokum said.

Samples of the fish have been sent to the U.S. Geological Survey Lab
in Leetown, West Virginia, and to the U.S. Fish and Wildlife Service
Fish Health Lab in Lamar, Pennsylvania. There fish pathologists will
be working to determine if the fish were infected by any fatal
epidemic. Yokum and his staff also collected water quality samples
upon arrival. Those tests are pending with the WV DEP and U.S. Army
Corps of Engineers, but the preliminary findings are that the water
was fine.

"Our initial dissolved oxygen temperature and all of the routine tests
showed no abnormalities whatsoever," Yokum said. "Stressors come in
all forms and factors. At this time of year crappie and bluegill are
coming off the spawn, so you have a lot of post-spawn stressors that
are involved. A quick increase in water temperature can in fact cause
a fish kill. That's happened in states around us."

Yokum says there's no record from the Corps that would indicate a
quick increase in water temperature, but at this point he's ruling
nothing out. He believes the fish kill will likely last another day
before it's over.

Communicated by:
HealthMap Alerts via ProMED-mail

[Most viruses, fungus, and bacteria generally attack more than one
variety of fish. The exception may be Koi herpes virus, which
primarily attacks carp (_Cyprinus_ spp.), but the crappie are
_Pomoxis_ spp.

We look forward to an official report when all the necropsies and
analyses have been completed. - Mod.TG]

[2] Ohio-Pennsylvania border
Date: 28 May 2010
Source: [edited]

Pymatuning fish kill brings consumption warning
A warning was issued Thursday [27 May 2010] that people should not eat
fish caught from Pymatuning Reservoir on the Ohio-Pennsylvania border
after a large fish die-off over the past week.

Dead fish began to turn up 15 May 2010 on the south end of
Pennsylvania's portion of the sprawling 16 349-acre reservoir. In
recent days, southeast winds have scattered the dead fish to various
locations of Pymatuning Reservoir, including the Ohio shoreline.

The fish kill and advisories will jeopardize one of the lake's busiest
holidays of the year, with crowds expected for the Memorial Day
weekend. In addition to many marinas and resorts, Pennsylvania and
Ohio state parks border the lake, the largest inland reservoir in the

Ohio wildlife officer Jason Hadsell, who covers Ashtabula County, said
Thursday [27 May 2010] that while there were dead muskies, walleye and
bass involved, the majority of the dead fish were crappies. Water
samples have been collected and are being tested at the Department of
Environmental Protection. The Pennsylvania Fish and Boat Commission is
testing samples of fish and issued the "Do Not Eat" consumption
advisory. Pennsylvania and Ohio officials may also close swimming
beaches for the popular Memorial Day weekend.

"Fish Kills like this have happened in the past," said Russ Williams
of Gateway Bait and Tackle in Andover, Ohio, a popular local bait
shop. "They've usually been caused by someone spraying chemicals along
the shoreline."
[Byline: D'Arcy Egan]

Communicated by:
HealthMap Alerts via ProMED-mail

[This fish die-off is very much like the die-off in the 1st article.
While a few other species are affected, it seems that crappie
(_Pomoxis_ sp.) are the primary targets.

Perhaps the appropriate agencies of Ohio, Pennsylvania and West
Virgina should compare notes and necropsy findings on these die-offs.
We look forward to an authoritative report regarding the etiological
agent. - Mod.TG]

[The interactive HealthMap/ProMED maps are available at:
West Virginia:
- CopyEd.EJP]

[Crappie (_Pomoxis_ sp.) are among the best-tasting freshwater fish.
See image:

- Mod.JW]

[see also:
Undiagnosed fish die-off - USA: (NJ) koi herpesvirus susp. 20100528.1773
Fish die-off - USA: (VA) 20090612.2169
Undiagnosed fish die-off - USA (WA): botulism susp. 20060621.1709
Fish die-off - USA (PA) (03) 20050907.2661
Fish die-off - USA (PA)(03) 20050816.2402
Fish die-off - USA (PA)(02) 20050811.2342
Fish die-off - USA (PA) 20050809.2325
Fish die-off - USA (VA) 20040913.2549]
ProMED-mail makes every effort to verify the reports that
are posted, but the accuracy and completeness of the
information, and of any statements or opinions based
thereon, are not guaranteed. The reader assumes all risks in
using information posted or archived by ProMED-mail. ISID
and its associated service providers shall not be held
responsible for errors or omissions or held liable for any
damages incurred as a result of use or reliance upon posted
or archived material.
Donate to ProMED-mail. Details available at: