Thursday, June 10, 2010

UNDIAGNOSED FISH DIE-OFF - USA: (WEST VIRGINIA, OHIO, PENNSYLVANIA) COLUMNARIS

******************************************************************************
A ProMED-mail post

ProMED-mail is a program of the
International Society for Infectious Diseases


Date: Fri 4 Jun 2010
Source: West Virginia Public Broadcasting [edited]



Test results from the U.S. Fish and Wildlife Service have identified
the cause of a fish kill at a Lewis County lake. DNR biologist Kevin
Yokum says that tests have identified the cause of the fish kill as
columnaris disease. It typically affects one species during an
outbreak. In this case, it was crappie. Yokum says about 1500 fish
have died since early last week [week of 24 May 2010] at Stonewall
Jackson Lake.

"The bacterium exists naturally in many lakes, and it can cause a
disease outbreak when there are stressful conditions to fish," he
said. "A lot of these occur during the springtime, with a rapid
increase in water temperature, and it's coupled with spawning
activity, the post-stress of the spawning itself."

Yokum says the DNR is still finding dead fish in the Lewis County
lake. About 20 dead fish were found yesterday [3 Jun 2010]. He says
live fish infected with columnaris are edible and safe to eat but he
urges people to cook them thoroughly. Yokum says fish that have the
disease have a bitter taste.

[Byline: Ben Adducchio]

--
Communicated by:
HealthMap Alerts via ProMED-mail


[_Flavobacterium columnare_ is a gram-negative rod that has the
appearance of a fungus but is actually a bacterium. It is sometimes
known as "cotton wool disease". The common signs are fuzzy or
stringy-looking patches on the fins or the body that may vary in color
from white to gray or beige. Infected fish are often lethargic,
anorexic and may suffer a loss of coloration. If left untreated, the
bacteria will likely spread and may lead to death.

[Photo of columnaris in a catfish:
. - Mod.TG]

[The HealthMap/ProMED-mail interactive map of West Virginia is available at

Lewis County can be located on the map of the state at
. - Sr.Tech.Ed.MJ]

[see also:
Undiagnosed fish die-off - USA: (WV, OH, PA) 20100601.1827
2009
----
Columnaris disease, fish - USA 20091111.3908
1999
----
Columnaris, white bass - USA (Kansas) 19990713.1178]
........................................tg/mj/jw
*##########################################################*
************************************************************
ProMED-mail makes every effort to verify the reports that
are posted, but the accuracy and completeness of the
information, and of any statements or opinions based
thereon, are not guaranteed. The reader assumes all risks in
using information posted or archived by ProMED-mail. ISID
and its associated service providers shall not be held
responsible for errors or omissions or held liable for any
damages incurred as a result of use or reliance upon posted
or archived material.
************************************************************
Donate to ProMED-mail. Details available at:

************************************************************
Visit ProMED-mail's web site at .
Send all items for posting to: promed@promedmail.org
(NOT to an individual moderator). If you do not give your
full name and affiliation, it may not be posted. Send
commands to subscribe/unsubscribe, get archives, help,
etc. to: majordomo@promedmail.org. For assistance from a
human being send mail to: owner-promed@promedmail.org.
############################################################
############################################################

1 comment: